Scientific research aims to contribute something significant to the field of science, either by introducing new information that can be of help to solve some unanswered issues or it can add or improve existing practices. The reasons why such scientific endeavors are made are many, ranging from either competing in a science fair or aiming to get the results of the whole research or project published in a renowned journal. Whatever the aims and objectives are, knowing how to go about any scientific work can make the final goal a bit easier and a lot more achievable.
Choose a Field of Interest
Before starting the research, an area of interest has to be specified. This can be any field of interest, a continuation of some previous work done or something new altogether. Once a field of interest has been specified, the topic has to be further refined and narrowed down to a particular problem or question that requires an answer before the science project can be formally started. Since the scientific research is all about contributing something, hence it is necessary that one is clear on the kind of studies and knowledge already present in ones chosen field of interest so as not to reinvent the wheel but come up with something significant and unique. This requires extensive reading of articles, journals, reviews, etc. in the chosen area so as to ascertain the kind of knowledge and information already present and identify gaps that need to be filled.
Look for an Adviser
In order to ensure that you’re on the right track during the entire process of your research work and project documentation, you would require the services of a mentor belonging to the same field who can give valuable feedback and resolve issues.
Begin the Project Outline
Once the research work has started and guidance obtained from a mentor, it is best to begin with the outline and specify what questions to address, what experiments or studies to conduct, what methodology to adopt, what the predicted results are and jot down the bibliography.
Run the Project and then Conclude with your Findings
The project outline tells you how to run your project and finally comes the part where you have to perform the experiment, gather data, analyze results and make changes to your outline if required in order to better align your study. Once all the experimentation is done, it is time to tell the world what you have found out and how you intend to add to existing scientific knowledge.